Otitis Media

A common condition that affects the middle ear. Eardoc treats otitis media by naturally opening the clogged Eustachian tubes, therefore allowing drainage of accumulated fluids outside of the middle ear and relieving ear pain.

Pathology of otitis media

When the Eustachian tubes are blocked due to allergy or in infection in the upper part of the respiratory tract, fluids accumulate in the middle ear behind the ear drum. This causes an ear infection and the middle ear gets inflamed, a condition known as otitis media.

Chronic Otitis Media

chronic otitis media

The build up of pressurized puss in the middle ear causes ear ache, swelling and redness. Since the ear drum can’t vibrate properly, one has decreased hearing. Also a feeling of fullness or pressure in the ear might occur, with dizziness, loss of balance, nausea and fever.

Sometimes the ear drum ruptures, and puss drains out of the ear, but more commonly, the pus and mucus remain in the middle ear due to the swollen and inflamed Eustachian tubes. This condition is serious because of the severe ear pain and hearing loss it can create.

Hearing loss especially in children may impair learning capacity and even delay speech development. Otitis media is also serious because the infection can also spread to nearby structures in the head. Thus, it is very important to recognize the symptoms of middle ear infections and get immediately diagnosis by your doctor. However, if it is treated promptly and effectively, hearing can almost always be restored to normal.

How is otitis media diagnosed?

Otitis Media is diagnosed by a medical practitioner with a pneumatic otoscope, a device used to look inside the ear. A bulging red eardrum will be evident. Debris in the ear canal may have to be removed with a plastic stylett or ear wash solution in order to see the eardrum. Air can be blown against the eardrum to determine if it mobile. In otitis media the ear drum will not move due to fluid in the middle ear.

Treatment of otitis media

Most ear infections will resolve without medications. However, antibiotics can shorten the course of the infection and can reduce the likelihood of developing complications.

Watchful waiting Vs antibiotics

The fear of developing bacterial resistance has prompted many physicians to waiting 2-3 days

Ear tubes

Ear tubes

before prescribing any antibiotics for otitis media. Most ear infections will respond to antibiotics like amoxyllin given for 7-10 days. If symptoms persist a resistive type of bacteria might be present and different antibiotic may be needed.

Ear tube surgery

Myrigotomy tubes or ear tubes are small plastic or metal tubes that are placed surgically in the eardrum usually by an ENT doctor. This allows for drainage of fluids from the middle ear and reduces the likelihood of further ear infections.

 
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